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Signs that you are diabetic


Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat as Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.

However much diabetes is manageable, it can shorten your life considerably. It’s effects can also lead to things like blindness, heart attack and even loss of a foot. Below are some of the signs that you should not ignore;

1. Fatigue
We understand that fatigue can be caused by a lot of things even lack of enough sleep. But, if you find that you’re extra tired after eating when you should have more energy, that’s a strong sign that diabetes might be present.

2. Frequent urination
This is because when water is pulled from all available cells in order to flush away excess glucose, the kidneys get overwhelmed trying to filter and reabsorb it. You will be forced to make frequent visits to the toilet in order to eliminate it hence might end up dehydrated.

3. Excessive hunger and thirst
When the body is overwhelmed by the task of processing glucose in your bloodstream, water is pulled out of cells to try and flush away the excess, but in the process, all the important nutrients your body needs including the glucose itself are lost hence resulting dehydration and hunger forcing you to drink and eat frequently.

4. Erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is a condition mostly found in men with uncontrolled diabetes which likely stems from damage of nerves and blood vessels. However, erectile dysfunction affects both partners.

5. Yeast infection
Yeast infections most often occur in vaginal tissues, whereby yeast feeds on excess sugar, which can be secreted in sweat, urine and mucus.

6. Slow healing sores
Slow healing of sores and cuts may indicate presence of diabetes.

7. Blurry vision
Diabetes causes blurry vision because your eyes depend on the fluid within and around them to function properly.

8. Unexplained weight loss
When your body fails to retrieve fuel from the food you eat and instead burning fat to survive hence causing you to starve no matter how much food you consume.

9. Nausea and vomiting
When uncontrolled diabetes results in rapid weight loss, your body burns fat at an unsustainable rate which creates ketones that may build up in your blood at dangerous levels hence causing nausea and vomiting to those who have sensitive stomachs.

10. Painful or numb feet or legs
Diabetes leads to hardening of the arteries as well as nerve damage and these symptoms are quite noticeable in the feet and legs due to poor flow of blood.

11. Swollen or tender gums
Diabetes weakens the body’s ability to fight off germs due to its moist environment, sharp teeth surrounded by soft tissues and all the stuff that gets put in there daily, which are especially sensitive to infection.

12. Weird or smelling breath
Also called halitosis, which is common in diabetics because they are prone to infection. Inflamed, infected gums cause bad breath and can also affect metabolism, spiking blood sugar even further.

13. Frequent UTIs
This is one of the conditions that can never be ignored. With high blood glucose which raises the risk of infections in general and increases your overall volume of urine, all that sugary liquid in the bladder becomes a breeding ground for infection.

14. Polycystic ovary system
This condition frequently leads to insulin resistance and is a leading cause of infertility among women who suffer it with up to 50% of women with PCOS will eventually develop diabetes.

15. Skin darkening
This symptom involves darkening and thickening of the skin, especially in folds and said to be related to insulin resistance. Sometimes the darkened skin will be slightly raised and velvety in texture and it is often found in the armpits, neck, groin or under breasts.

16. Chronic dehydration
Dehydration occurs because high blood glucose causes your body to pull water from cells and be unable to replenish it properly. This leading to high need to pee all the time which ends up eliminating that water from your system entirely.

17. Irritability or depression
Symptoms may spark uneasy emotions that start to feel like the primary concern hence leading to depression.

Remember that this disease can be managed, and do not wait for the symptoms to be severe for you to get treated because managing your physical health can do a lot in improving your mental health.

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